Jiji Kokkoku (時々刻々 - Every Moment)

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Jul 16, 2019 20:20 English essay
Jiji Kokkoku

Things vary by 'jiji kokkoku' (時々刻々).

'Ji' (時) means "time" or "hour," 'koku' (刻) means "moment," the kanji 々 represents a repetition, and the combination 'jiji kokkoku/jiji kokukoku' means that events or changes of things occur gradually and continuously.

Since 'jikoku' (時刻) means just "time (of day)," the passage of time is expressed by repeating this.

Incidentally, you can write 'jiji kokkoku' as 時時刻刻 without using the kanji character 々.

In English, it can be translated as "from hour to hour" or "every moment."


「時」は "time"、「刻」は時間の単位、そして漢字の「々」は繰り返しを意味し、「時々刻々」は「出来事や物事の変化が続けざまに起こること」を意味します。

単に「時刻」で "time (of day)" を意味するので、これを繰り返すことで時間の経過を表しているというわけです。


英語では、"from hour to hour" や "every moment" のように言い換えられます。