I don't know the difference of next.
* "I have to~" and "I must~"
* "I am going to~" and "I will~"
* "Could you tell me~" and "Would you tell me~"
* "Therefore" and "Moreover"

Is these equally or not?
Aug 26, 2008


Aug 27, 2008 Kasui-chan
Ok, hope i can make it clear:

1) "I have to" and " I must " ---> "I have to go to school" it means thatyou can not decide whether you go to school or not, you have to go.
"I must quit smoking" means more your personal decision you can decide by yourself ( it is more like an advice).

2)"I am going to" and "I will" ---> "going to" is used for Intentions and Predictions: For example: "I have won 100000$. I am going to buy a new TV" you know that you would buy a new TV right before you said that so ( You use going to if you already have a plan or an intention)
You can use "going to" also for predictions but only if you have realevidence like : "The sky is very black. It is going to rain" you have the evidence "black sky so you know that it is going to rain.

"will" is used if you don't have real evidence "It will rain tomorrow ( it is based on my personal feelings and experiences that it will rain tomorrow).

If your japanese than you can compare "will" to そう (あついそうです).

If you have a plan before speaking than it is "going to", if you speak about the future or have no plan (like "I think i will go to the gym tomorrow) than you use will.

( The only exeption is will + be "I will be in England tomorrow" than you can use will also for things wich are already decided).

3)"Could you tell me" and "Would you tell me"---> to my feeling as a german is the meaning the same but "would you" sounds more polite.

4)"Therefore" and "Moreover"---> I think with "Therefore" you add something like "I have no money therefore I can't go to the cinema".

"Moreover" I think it is more to base something "I have no money moreover i barely bought a new TV".

I hope the explenation fits you^^.

Aug 28, 2008
Thanks! I understood completly No.1, 2, 3. But I have not understood No.4 yet.

*I have no money therefore I can't go to the cinema.
= "I have no money. So I cannot go to the cinema." or "I can't go to the cinema because of no money." ?

*I have no money moreover i barely bought a new TV.
= "I have no money because I bought a new TV" ?
Aug 31, 2008 Shinn
3. "Would you" and "Could you" are the same level of politeness. The words surrounding them make them more polite or impolite.

"Could" asks if you can do something.
Can = Able to do

"Would" asks if you will do something.
Will = Willing to do

4. I like candy, therefore I will buy some.

Therefore is similar to "because". It just changes the word order.


"I like candy, **therefore** I will buy some." = "Because I like candy I will buy some."

I like candy. Moreover, I like lollipops.

Moreover means "In addition". It adds to what you have said and narrows down the subject.

Moreover = Furthermore

Note: "Therefore" and "Moreover" are rarely used in common speech.

Hope this helps.
Aug 31, 2008 Shinn

What you are thinking of is a "rhetorical question". That means that you know the answer before you ask.

Example: Could you buy me a drink?

You know that they can buy you a drink, but are wondering if they will buy you a drink. This is only rude/impolite when you should be speaking more politely. If you are at a friend's house and you ask their parents "Could you buy me a drink?" it would be considered impolite. If you asked "Would you please buy me a drink" it would much less impolite because you used the word "please." You could also say, "Could you please buy me a drink" and it would be much less impolite.
Sep 2, 2008

I understood No.4 with your answer, and No.3 with your addition!
Thank you very much:D
Sep 2, 2008 Shinn
如何致しまして。 :P