0319_(Translation Practice) Physicist Stephen Hawking, who conquered the stars, dies at 76

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Mar 19, 2018 13:44 translation TC-to-EN
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Well-known British physicist Stephen Hawking left the world on Wednesday at his home in Cambridge, the UK, at the age of 76. Hawking spent his whole life working on solving the secret puzzles of life, but ironically he did researches under the shadow of death due to the possibility that he might die at a young age.

Hawking, with his formidable mind, constantly explored the boundaries of human knowledge, expanding it to as far as the broad and limitless universe, and also narrowing it down to the abnormal world of quantum mechanics, which explain the behaviors of tiny particles in the universe. Therefore, he thought, by calculating them human beings can understand the phenomena of the beginning and the end of time.

Applying quantum mechanics and general relativity, where the time and space relationship is discussed, to his study, Hawking’s academic publications provide an explanation to the origin of the universe and its behaviors.

In 1974, Hawking was admitted to the Royal Society at the age of 32. He was one of the youngest researchers in this most famed scientific research institution in the UK. After 5 years, he moved from Oxford University to Cambridge University to take a step further in the field of theoretical astronomy and cosmology. Hawking was awarded the title Lucasian Professor of Mathematics. It is the greatest honor a physicist can have. New ton was also one of those professors who were awarded the honor.

Hawking’s researches include a wide range of topics, from the origin of the universe and the possibility of fascinating time travel to the mystery of a black hole, which consumes everything in the unverse.

However, the weak body of his is a cruel contrast to his exceptional intelligence. He was diagnosed with the wasting motor neurone disease when he was 21. From then on, he suffered from the disease and gradually got weaker and weaker.

Most of Hawking’s life was restricted to his wheelchair. As his conditions continued to worsen, he had to rely on a voice generator and the movement of his eyebrow to communicate. His book My Brief History, published in 2013, says that the disease made him more dedicated to academic researches but also caused the failure of the two marriages in his life.

In the book, he mentions what came across his mind when first diagnosed with the disease “I felt not fair. Why should this happen to me?” He wrote “I thought my life was over and that there would come no chances for me to contribute the potentials I thought I had. However, looking back at it now, after 50 years, I would say I felt very satisfied with my life.”

A Brief History of Time, published in 1988, helped spread Hawking’s fame internationally and brought him great reputation. The book quickly got popular and also became the most inscrutable one among bestsellers, but this didn’t stop the book from staying on the Sunday Times’ list of bestsellers for 237 weeks afterwards. Hawking said he wrote the book to share his excitement that the new discoveries about the universe brought him.

“My goal was to write the type of book that would be sold well on the bookshelf in a airport.” Hawking explained to reporters. “To make sure it is understandable, nurses who take care of me have read it, and I think they understand most of the book.”