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Oct 7, 2017 19:55
Shogun literally means the commander of an army. It was originally the commander of the army sent to fight and conquer the indigenous people. In 1192, however, Yoritomo no Minamoto established the Kamakura Shogunate, and then it started to be used more as a politician as well as the Commander in Chief with independent power from the Imperial Court. Later, Takauji Ashikaga founded the Muromachi Shogunate in Kyoto in 1338, followed by Ieyasu Tokugawa who settled the Edo Shogunate in Tokyo in 1603. The military governments under Shoguns lasted until the restoration of the Imperial power enacted in 1867. The title of Shogun is given by the Emperor, therefore Shogun families did not try to destroy the Imperial family. Instead, they kept good relationships with the family while maintaining their power.