Our World: The land where 4.8 billion people live

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Dec 1, 2009 12:03
This is my translation of a textbook from way back when [from japanese to english] so some of the information is obviously outdated, but its good practice. Please if you can correct any mistakes. Thanks in advance.
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The people that spread across the land

Now, about 4.8 billion people are living on the Earth. It is said that more than 2 million years ago mankind's ancestors emerged on Earth. After a long time, the differences between races developed. Between 7-9 thousand years ago, things such as agriculture and stock-farming lifestyles came to pass, and cultures in which language developed arose. People moved searching for new land to build a "home", and while they adapted their lifestyles to suit each climate, these particular lifestyles spread. Thus, nowadays, besides far away lands, tall mountains, deserts, tropical forests about 90% of the World's land has become the living place of man.

Various Tribes

Through mankind's long history, things such as the customs of the lifestyles that began to provide human necessity, language, and religion various differences arose among the World's people. As such, in aspects of cultural groups of people living the same lifestyle came to be known as tribes. As for the World, groups of various tribes spread, they lived their lives each having their own special characteristics. When talking about East Asia's people, the various tribes split into Japanese, Korean, Chinese, Mongolian, etc. In West Asia there are many Arab tribes. As for Europe's people, the people split into the German, Latino and Slavic people. Also in Africa and America many tribes exist.


私たちの世界

地表にひろがる人間

いま、地球上には、およそ48億の人々が住んでいる。私たち人類の祖先が、この地表に誕生したのは、200万年以上もむかしのことだといわる。その後、長い間に、人種のちがいがうまれた。7~9千年ほど前から、農耕や牧畜などの生活が行われ、その後文字を使う文化的な生活がはじまった。人々は新しい土地に“すみか”を求めて移り住み、それぞれの風土に適した生活をくふうしながら、生活の範囲をひろげていった。こうして、いまでは、極致、高山、さばく、熱帯の密林など一部をのぞき、世界の陸地の約90%が人間のすみかとなった。

さまざまな民族

世界の人々の間には、長い歴史を通じて、衣食住をはじめとする生活の習慣や、言葉と文字、文化の面で共通の生活をする人々の集団を民族とよんでいる。世界には、さまざまな民族の集団が各地にひろがり、それぞれに特色をまった生活をいとなんでいる。東アジアの人々は、日本、朝鮮、漢(中国)、モンゴルなどの諸民族にわかれ、西アジアにはアラブ民族が多い。ヨーロッパの人々は、ゲルマン、ラテン、スラブなどの民族にわかれ、アフリカやアメリカも多く民族がいる。