Honorifics (敬称)

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Feb 25, 2011 02:25
When you call someone's name in Japanese, you can apply "さん(san)" behind the name .
"さん" can be applied to a family name and a first name.
Moreover, it can be applied to both males and females.
For example, "田中さん( Tanaka san )", and "一朗さん( Ichiro san). ", etc.
If you apply "さん", he/she feels you respect him/her a little.
When you call a boy or a person of lower rank, you can apply "君(kun)".
For example, "田中君( Tanaka kun )", and "一朗君( Ichiro kun). ", etc.
"様(sama)" is used when you respect more.
It is often used for the direction of a letter.
For example, "田中一朗様( Tanaka Ichiro sama )".
"殿(dono)" is still used for a direction of a letter though it is a little old expression.
"先生(sensei, teacher)" and "課長(kacho, chief)", etc. are applied according to the role and the occupation.