Why do most Islam music (Turkish, Arab, Persian) use minor scale (evoke a sense of melancholy)?

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Aug 13, 2018 16:35
The question reminded me of the masterpiece of Rumi when he wrote:

>Listen to the reed (flute), how it is complaining!
>It is telling about separations,
>2- (Saying), "Ever since I was severed from the reed field,
>Men and women have lamented in (the presence of) my shrill cries.
>3- "(But) I want a heart (which is) torn, torn from separation,
>so that I may explain the pain of yearning."
>4- "Anyone one who has remained far from his roots,
>seeks a return (to the) time of his union.

The poem has deep meanings, yet it shows that the sound of reed (Ney) had been soothing for Iranians 800 years ago, as it is today, at least for older generations.
There is a traditional Persian singing style called Dashti or Dashtestani. The style has been very popular among rural people and nomads, particularly in south-western Iran. To get the sense of this style, imagine a shepherd with a Ney (flute) during the sunset in an open field, which is the common scene of Iran.


The translations are as follows:

>My youth has gone by; the tree of happiness has produced no fruits....; I was not aware that my life will last only a few short days; old age now has my legs tied firmly to the ground; the tree of happiness has died away; …

Oh, I don’t support that depressing! However, sometimes we need to face the reality and this soothes us better than temporal joys which we ourselves know that is just to make us distracted from realities.
As Rumi pointed out, the voice of Ney is miraculous! There is a symphony by Hussain Alizadeh called Neynava. It uses Ney, and it is one of my favorite sad but soothing music I ever listened to:


Sad music and songs have had a major role in Shia religious festivals like Ashura when every year people mourn the martyrdom of Hussain, a Shia Imam.
It was also very influential in Iran-Iraq war to incite Iranian youths to join the troops. The most famous singer of this style was Ahangaran who was known as Khomeini’s nightingale for some Iranians.

Or this song by Koveyti pour, mixing martyrdom concepts with mystical concepts of Persian classical poetry:


Sad songs found their way to Persian pop music. You can find many Iranians who have been a fan of Dariush for a period of their life.